Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Basics of Dehydration

If you have low adrenal function, It is essential that you know the signs of dehydration.

Basically dehydration is what we call it when your body loses more water  than you are taking into your body. This excessive loss of water from the body tissues is usually accompanied by
an imbalance of sodium, potassium, chlorine, and other electrolytes. We lose water as water vapor as we breath, in sweat, urine, and stool.

Dehydration begins with increased thirst, and may progress to fever, increased heart rate (especially an elevated resting heart rate),  low or high blood pressure, and faster breathing. It is important to remember that when you feel thirsty, you are already dehydrated. It is best to sip water frequently and a little at a time instead of gulping large qualities suddenly. If you will be out in the sun or doing considerable exercise, it is best to load up on water before the activity.

Taking the pulse and blood pressure while the person is lying down and then after standing up for 1 minute can help determine the degree of dehydration. Normally, when you have been lying down and then stand up, there is a small drop in blood pressure for a few seconds. The heart rate speeds up, and blood pressure goes back to normal. However, when there is not enough fluid in the blood because of dehydration and the heart rate speeds up, not enough blood is getting to the brain. The brain senses this condition. The heart beats faster, and if you are dehydrated, you feel dizzy and faint after standing up.

Decreased urine output: Urine color may indicate dehydration. If urine is concentrated and deeply yellow or amber, you may be dehydrated. If you have excessive urination and nearly clear urine, you may be eliminating too much water from your body which will lead to dehydration.

Symptoms of Dehydration in Adults

Symptoms of mild dehydration  (the body has lost about 2% of it's total fluid):

Loss of Appetite
Dry Skin
Skin Flushing or pallor (especially pale face- lips, tongue, palms, mouth; and palms)
Dark Colored Urine
Dry Mouth & swollen tongue
Fatigue (chronic) or Weakness
Head Rushes; lightheadedness
blood pressure low
dizziness (esp. when stand)

Symptoms when fluid loss reaches 5% :

Increased heart rate (Palpitations -feeling that the heart is jumping or pounding)
Increased respiration; rapid breathing rate
Decreased sweating or drenching sweats
Decreased urination; urinary tract infections
Increased body temperature, fever
Extreme fatigue, sluggishness, lethargy
Muscle cramps, aches, or spasms
Nausea (may be sudden and severe)
general flu like feeling
dry unproductive coughs
nose bleeds; sinus pressure
varicose veins
Tingling of the limbs

Symptoms of 10% fluid loss 

Muscle spasms
trouble walking or standing
extremely dizzy
sudden drop or rise in blood pressure
Racing pulse
Shriveled skin
may cease sweating
body temperature may raise
skin may become hot, flushed, and dry
Dim vision
Painful urination or no urine within 12 hrs
Chest and Abdominal pain
Confusion; disorientation; might become agitated
Difficulty breathing
fainting, loss of consciousness
Seizures; death


  1. I know most people want to know what is the best abdominal exercise to get rid of fat on their stomach, but unfortunately ab exercises by themselves do very little to help you get rid of stomach fat. This is known as the spot reduction myth. Because of the powerful marketing companies, consumers continually think that they can work a spot on their body and magically melt fat away from that spot, but that is not how the body works.

  2. I agree. There isn't any magic. As I eat a balanced diet (calories 30% from protein, 40% from carbohydrate, 30% from fat) with complex carbohydrates, I am slowly losing tummy fat.